Legal Developments for Carbon Capture and Storage Under International and Regional Marine Legislation

  • London Convention: International agreement that protects the marine environment from waste being disposed of at sea
  • Substances that are not listed in Annex I-III can be dumped at sea
  • “…’dumping’ means any deliberate disposal at sea of wastes or other matter either from vessels, aircraft, platforms or other man-made structures at sea, or of such structures themselves” (Armeni)
  • Waste from vessels, planes, etc under normal operations are allowed
  • Co2 was not included in Annex I until 1996 when manufacturing waste was added to the list
  • At this time carbon storage was not allowed even though it is not dumping
  • In November of the year 2006 things all changed for carbon sequestration because a new amendment was proposed by Australia
    • Eighth category added to Annex I
    • Means Co2sequestration streams are now allowed
  • According to the article allowed only if following criteria is met (Armeni)
  • Disposal has to be into a sub-seabed geological formation
  • Mainly consist of Co2, May haveĀ other substances that come from capture and sequestration process
  • No waste added fro disposing of water or anything else

Works cited

Stewart RB, Macrory R, Havercroft I. Carbon capture and storage : Emerging legal and regulatory issues. Oxford: Hart Publishing; 2011.