Carbon Capture and Storage

  • CCS works by capturing waste CO2 which usually come from fossil fuel power plants. CO2 is then transported to a storage place underground
  • CCS practices main goal is to reduce CO2 going into the atmosphere to lessen the effects of global warming
  • 1st introduction of CCS was the Weyburn-Midale carbon dioxide project in 2001
  • 2008: Schwarze Pumpe Power Plant in Germany tested the technology
  • If CCS was applied to modern day power plants it would reduce CO2 by 80-90% compared to plant not equipped with CCS
  • The intergovernmental panel on climate change stated that is is estimated that CCS makes up to 10-55% of taking carbon emissions out of the atmosphere until 2100 when the carbon pollution effect is over
  • Carbon can be captured by using the process called scrubbing
  • It is expensive to apply CCS to existing power plants
  • National Energy Technology Laboratory stated that in North America there is enough CO2 storage to last up up to 900 years
  • Three different capture methods for CCS:
    1. Post- Combustion Capture:
      1. Used for fossil fuel burning power plants
    2. Pre-Combustion Capture:
      1. used in Fertilizer, chemicals, and gaseous fuels
    3. Ox-fuel combustion
      1. Fuel not burned in air but in oxygen

Works Cited:

Wikipedia. Carbon capture and storage  Wikipedia Web site.